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Social protection

An overview

Social protection expenditure over Gdp in 2013 was 29.8 percent. The trend between 2009 to 2013 showed a growth of one percentage point. Expenditure on social services, as for data available also for 2014, was 49.6 percent for the old age function and 23.5 percent for disease/health care.

Average resources per inhabitant at municipal welfare level was about 117 Euro per inhabitant as national Gdp share. As an absolute value social expenditure by municipalities in 2012 was 6.9 billion euros, about 45 million less to the previous year. Expenditure on social services (19.5 percent of Gdp; 5,208 Euro per capita) was only partially met by social contribution (14.2 percent of Gdp)as evidenced by the index of social security coverage, which was below 100 and has been progressively decreasing since 2008. In 2013 the incidence of pensions over Gdp increased to the previous year, confirming the growth trend observed at the beginning of the period.

In 2012, 53.3 percent out of the total Italian municipalities provided at least a childcare service, namely: nursery, micro-nursery and other social and educational services for early childhood either by means of municipal facilities or in agreement with private services. The share of children benefitting from services for early childhood either of or financed by the Municipalities is a useful indicator to measure the implementation of policies to reconcile work and family life. In 2012/2013 the percentage of children aged 0 to 2 using services was 13 percent, it was a reduction for the second and subsequent year. They were about 210 thousand users, mainly attending nurseries (92%) and just 8 percent attended home nurseries and other integrative services.