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Labour market

Italy and its regions

Most labour market indicators showed marked regional differences which accentuated during the crisis. In 2015 nearly 7 out of 10 people aged 20-64 were employed in the North, but only 5 in the South and Islands; employment rate for 55-64-year olds showed lower, although increasing, differences with a gap of nearly 19 points between the lowest value, in Sicilia, and the highest in the autonomous province of Bolzano.

The incidence of part-time job is fairly evenly distributed , while the share of temporary workers decidedly prevails in the southern regions, with a wider gap for women. In 2013 the South and Islands area showed the highest incidence of undeclared work in the country, while the North had the lowest. Undeclared work, as well as being more prevalent in smaller production units, was characterized by strong sectoral specificity.

In 2015 significant differences also persisted in the unemployment rate, with the South and Islands showing values slightly lower than 20 percent. The youth unemployment increased in six regions, especially in Sardegna and Calabria; in the latter region it reached 65.1 percent. The decrease in long-term unemployment affected over half of the regions and mainly involved the female component. In the South and Islands, excluding Sardegna, more than 6 out of 10 persons have been seeking work for over 1 year. Even the decrease in the non-participation rate was slightly higher in the South and Islands, but the value was more than double that of the Centre and North. The situation was particularly critical in Calabria where the indicator showed the highest increase.