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Infrastructures and transport

Italy and its regions


The ratio between motorway density and cars registered is not homogeneously distributed at the territorial level, with regions in the Centre showing lower values than the national average and regions in the North-east area registering the highest density. Less differences are recorded for the railway network which is substantially equally provided both in the Centre and North area and in the South and Islands.

Road freight transport values vary depending on the geographical areas and their industrialisation level. Compared with 2013 population, the highest volume of road freight transport was recorded in the regions belonging to the North-east macro area, with values of 33.6 million Tkm, and the lowest in the Southern regions, which scored only 11.3 million Tkm.
Lazio and Lombardia accounted for over half of passenger air transport in Italy, while nearly half of cargo loaded and unloaded in cabotage transport was recorded in Sicilia, Sardegna and Liguria. Compared to 2012, Puglia registered the highest decrease, while Veneto and Sardegna recorded the largest movements of cargo loaded and unloaded.

The car ownership rate registered the highest increase in the North-east area. Conversely the Centre, though remaining the area with the highest values at the national level, showed a decreasing trend.
Deaths in road accidents show significant differences depending on the geographical area, with seven regions recording values lower than the national average.
A greater propensity to go on foot is observed in the South and Islands area, while in the North-east collective public transport is used more frequently, both by employees and by students. In the Centre cars are mainly used by students, while the highest share of employed travel to work by collective public transport.