Infrastructures and transport
An overviewAt the infrastructural level, the Italian network of motorways was 6,844 km in 2014, little more than 9 percent of the European network, with a slight increase in the last three years of registered cars.
The railway network accounts for 27.4 km per 100,000 inhabitant, a figure that has been steadily decreasing in the last four year in relation to population.
In 2014, road freight transport generated approximately 118 billion tonne-kilometres of traffic (Tkm), -7.4 percent compared with the previous year. In Italy the estimated overall quantity of road freight transport with domestic origin, equal to 19.4 billion Tkm per 10,000 inhabitants, is lower than that of the majority of its Euro partners.
After a slight reduction in 2013, air transport registered a recovery; conversely, cargo loaded and unloaded in cabotage transport continued to decrease.
The car ownership rate, which had shown a decreasing trend in 2012 and 2013, registered a slight increase with nearly 610 passenger cars per 1,000 inhabitants.
In 2014 the number of deaths in road accidents remained stable compared to the previous year. Over the years there has been a strong reduction of mortality due to road accidents though this downward trend slowed down in the last year.
The majority of students and employed uses some means of transport to travel to their place of study or work. Private means, especially cars, are used most. Compared to employed, students go more often to school on foot or using collective public transport.