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Business statistics

Italy and its regions


Although all Italian regions showed values of the number of enterprises per 1,000 inhabitants over the Eu average, in 2013 there was a renewed decrease after the short recovery registered in the two previous years. Regarding regional distribution, there was a marked difference between the Centre and North area on the one hand, characterised by a high number of enterprises and a higher number of employees than the national average, and the South and Islands area on the other hand, with smaller enterprises. Sicilia and Calabria were among the regions with the smallest average size in terms of employees.

Conversely, a territorial analysis indicates a high propensity to entrepreneurship especially in the South and Islands area, where the number of self-employed reaches the highest value, compared to the lowest values recorded in the North.
The enterprise population in the South and Islands area is the least stable, with the highest birth and death rates and, consequently, the highest gross turnover rate. At the national level, the 5-year survival rates continued to fall, also due to the fragmentation of the Italian productive system and the specialisation of service micro-enterprises that account fo over 50 percent of employment.

Regions in the North-west area had the highest levels of wage adjusted labour productivity, while values lower than the national average were recorded in the South and Islands area. The greatest difference between enterprises in the Centre and North and enterprises in the South and Islands area in terms of wage adjusted labour productivity were registered in the service sector.