Expenditure on education and training allows to evaluate policies implemented for the growth and optimization of human capital. Its incidence on Gdp in 2013 remained stable at 3.6 percent.
The education level of the population aged 25-64 makes a good proxy for the knowledge and skills of the population. Over the last years, the education level of the adult population continued to improve, and in the 2004-2015 period the share of people aged 25-64 who have achieved lower secondary education as their highest qualification decresed by over 11 percentage points. Over half of young people aged 15-24 are involved in higher education courses. Even lifelong learning is considered to be an important requirement to be continuously integrated into the labour market, and involves indeed 8.0 percent of people aged 25-64.
Europe Strategy 2020 has set some objectives for the population education levels which our country has not completely reached, yet.
The percentage of early school leavers decreased to 15.0 percent (17.7 percent among men and 12.2 percent among women), thus surpassing the national target of 16 percent set for 2020. In 2015, 25.3 percent of people aged 30-34 achieved a tertiary qualification, a level slightly lower than the 26 percent set for Italy, but rather far from the 40 percent set for Europe.
In 2015, finally, in Italy young people aged 15-29 who are not in education, employment or training were over 2,3 million (25.7 percent of the relative population), with a higher incidence among women than men.