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Household economic condition

Italy within the European context

The Gini coefficient, calculated using data relating to income for 2013 recorded by the survey on income and living conditions (Eu-Silc) placed Italy in tenth position (0.324), after Spain (0.347), Portugal and Greece (both 0.345).
Eu28 countries were characterised by considerable differences, passing from 0.250 of Slovenia to 0.356 of Estonia. After Slovenia, the lowest values were registered in the Czech Republic, in Sweden and Finland. Some countries (Estonia, Latvia, Bulgaria and Lithuania) show a high concentration, i.e. few households disposing on high income. Poland (0.308 and the UK (0.316) were closer to the European average.

Within the European Union severe material deprivation was highest in Bulgaria (33.1 percent) and over 20 percent in Romania, Hungary and Greece. The countries with the lowest values were Sweden, Luxembourg and Finland (lower than 3 percent). Also the United Kingdom and Spain were under the European average of 9 percent (7.3 and 7.1 percent respectively), while Italy was 2.4 percentage points higher.