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Population

Italy and its regions


In 2014, over a third of the Italian population was concentrated in three regions, namely Lombardia, Lazio and Campania. With reference to geographical areas the South and Islands was the most populated area of the country, although it was the one with the least increase during the considered period (2004-2014).
The population natural balance presented negative values in all the areas: the natural increase rate stood negative in the South and Islands, however its values were less high than on the Centre-North area.

As for regions, in 2015 Liguria presented the highest levels in the ageing index and in the dependency ratio, while Campania had completely opposite values. At the level of geographical areas people live longer in the Centre-North, while in the South and Islands area the values of life expectancy were below the national average. Trentino-Alto Adige gained the regional record in life expectancy both for males and females, while the most significant decrease was recorded in Valle d'Aosta.
In 2014 the regions with the highest fertility rate were Trentino-Alto Adige, Valle d'Aosta and Lombardia, wile it was lower in Sardegna, Basilicata and Molise. If we consider the age at childbearing the regions of the South and Islands area were confirmed as those with the youngest mothers.

Along 2014 a standstill or a decrease was registered in all regions as for nuptiality (except for Trentino-Alto Adige); the South and Islands area had the highest nuptiality rate, while the North-west the lowest.
The number of separations was converging all over the country, while the North - South gap in divorces kept much more relevant.