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Italy and its regions

Per capita public expenditure at a regional level is highly changeable because of differences existing in the socio-economic conditions and in the management models of regional health systems. In the South and Islands area it is noticeably below the national average. Also the total contribution of household expenditure to health was less in the South and Islands area (18.4% in 2013) particularly in Campania, Sicilia and Sardegna. Higher incidence was recorded in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Valle d'Aosta and Emilia-romagna. There was a wide gap between the Centre-North and the South and Islands area in hospital beds. In 2012 the range was 2.7 beds per 1,000 inhabitants in Calabria and Campania to about 4 in the autonomous province of Trento and in Emilia-Romagna. The main points of attraction are concentrated in the hospitals of Lombardia, Emilia-Romagna and Toscana.

The number of in-patient admissions for neoplasms and diseases of the circulatory system are higher in the Centre as average. In the South and Islands area mortality for neoplasms is below the national average, on the contrary mortality for diseases of the circulatory system, both for males and females, is above the national average. Even infant mortality is higher in the South and Islands area and improvement in time is slower in these disadvantaged regions.

Risky alcohol consumption and obesity showed opposed territorial situations, namely in the Centre-North the share of alcohol consumers was higher, as well as for obese people in the South and Islands area; the highest shares of smokers were recorded in Campania, Umbria and Lazio.
Risk factors mainly affected men, with differences according to their age. Smokers recorded higher values in the central age group, risky alcohol consumption was higher among the aged 65-74.