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Italy and its regions

For public expenditure on education and training, Italian regions show widely different behaviours: the South and Islands area, characterised by a larger population in school age, presents the highest ratio of public spending on education to Gdp; the North-west, the only geographical area where the said ratio has slightly increased over this last year, invested comparatively less in this sector.

Low-educated adults in the South and Islands represent nearly 50 percent, with a participation in education and training activities lower than in the other areas. Despite progress in recent years, for early school leavers the regional gap remains wide, with a distance of almost 9 percentage points between the North-east and the South, where the incidence is higher. In Sicilia and Sardegna about one in four young people do not continue their studies beyond lower secondary education. The Centre and North record the highest rate of participation of young people aged 15-24 in education (in particular, Emilia Romagna and Lazio); the South follows at a distance of about 9 percentage points (with the lowest value in Basilicata). The share of 30-34-year-olds with tertiary education is different across regions: in 2015 the indicator for almost all regions of the Centre and North was above the national average, while for the South and Islands it was over 5 percentage points lower.

Young people who are not in education, employment or training are on the decrease in all areas, albeit with different intensities: the greatest reduction can be observed in the Centre, the highest incidences are confirmed in the South.