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Social protection

Italy and its regions

As for social protection, between 2012 to 2013 a very wide gap was recorded at a regional level in resources allocated for local welfare. About half regions were below the Italian average for welfare expenditure to Gdp (0.45%). Among the regions with higher expenditure, Sardegna was the first followed by Friuli-Venezia Giulia and Valle d'Aosta.

Service supply and social contributions are connected to the demography and production structure of the country. In the South and Islands area the rate of social security coverage was below the national data and Calabria had the lowest value.
Pensions expenditure to Gdp was more limited in the North-east, while the South and Islands were the only area with a higher incidence to the national average.

At a regional level the indicator of social and educational services for early childhood significantly varied, ranging from 100% in Friuli-Venezia Giulia to 8.8% in Calabria. Regions in the North-east registered a higher presence of childcare services as average.
The percentage of children using childcare services in the school year 2012/2013, was above 20% in Emilia-Romagna, in Toscana, in Valle D'Aosta and in the autonomous province of Trento, while it was below 3% in Calabria and in Campania.