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Territorial Statistics

Italy and its regions

The Italian regions and autonomous provinces vary widely in terms of population and surface area. In 2014 Lombardia had the largest population, whereas Umbria, Basilicata, the two autonomous provinces of Trento and Bolzano, Molise and Valle d'Aosta, all located in the Alpine or Apennine mountain areas, had populations of less than 1 million.

With regard to population density, the sharpest differences in comparison to the national average of 201.2 inhabitants per km2 were seen in municipalities belonging to the two groups at the extreme ends of the spectrum in terms of territorial area (up to 1,000 hectares or over 25,000 hectares, respectively). Almost all the regions with a large population size (of more than 4 million inhabitants) had a density of over 200 inhabitants per km2.

In 2015, Sicilia and Sardegna showed the highest regional values of terrestrial areas in the Natura 2000 network (over 4,500 per km2 for each region). More than a fifth of the territory of the South and Islands was included in the Natura 2000 network, with the highest incidence at the national level in Abruzzo.
Lombardia had the largest number of protected areas (242).

With regard to building permits, the indicators of the number of dwellings and the useful floor area per 1,000 households continued the decline started in 2005. In the 2004-2013 period, the gap between the Centre and North and the South and Islands reduced. At the regional level, however, the situation was still rather heterogeneous, the lowest values being found in Toscana, the highest in the autonomous province of Bolzano.